BALANCE BEAM

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BEAM
GYMNASTICS HOME

BB – Women

It all started with a “horizontal laying, totally round, 64 feet long pine tree trunk invented by Johan Christoph GutsMuths, and was called “Schweben” which means floating. In 1934 the balance beam was for the first time introduced to gymnastics during the world championships in Budapest. Beam was only 8 cm wide and was less safe and more difficult apparatus than it is today. Today ladies have 90 seconds on 10 centimetres (3.9 in) wide beam, to perform a choreographed routines of leaps, somersaults, turns and dances. This event requires unbelievable balance, flexibility, poise and strength. In the early days of women’s artistic gymnastics, beam was mainly based on dance with very little tumbling elements, with the most difficult acrobatic skill being a back handspring. Today top women routinely perform flight series with multiple aerial elements.

Scoring & Ruls

Each Gymnast has to fulfil the required code of points elements. Deductions are taken for not fulfilling those elements and all errors made while on the beam, including lapses in control, balance checks, poor technique and execution. The gymnast is allowed to compete barefoot or wear special beam shoes and also chalk her hands and/or feet for added stability on the apparatus. The maximum allowed time for a routine is 1:30 minutes, and in the event of a fall, after returning back on her feet, girls have 30 seconds to remount the beam and continue the routine. If the gymnast does not complete her routine within 1:30 time limit, she will incur deduction of 1 point.
 
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