VAULT

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VT – Men & Women

The vault is a gymnastics apparatus, as well as the name of the skill performed using that apparatus. The vault first originated as a “horse”, much like the pommel horse but without the handles, sometimes also called “the vaulting horse”. The vaulting horse was present in the Olympics for over a century, starting with first modern Olympics and removed in 2001 due to many serious accidents. International Gymnastics Federation re-evaluated the apparatus and changed it, quoting safety reasons and the desire to facilitate more spectacular acrobatics. The 2001 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships were the first international competition in which “vaulting table” was introduced. An apparatus was already made by Dutch gymnastics equipment company in the mid-1990s. It has a flat, larger, more cushioned surface and it is somewhat safer than the old horse without handles. To perform a vault, the gymnast hurdles onto a springboard and springs onto the vault with their hands or feet, executing several twists and turns in the air and landing on the mat on the other side of the apparatus.

Scoring & Ruls

Both gymnasts, male and female, perform one vault in Qualification, Team Final, and All Around Final. In the Apparatus Finals, gymnasts are required to perform two vaults: women must show two vaults with different repulsion from the vault table, and the men’s two vaults must be from different element groups.┬áTo score highly, gymnasts have to land cleanly without any hops or steps and within a landing zone, demonstrating good execution and technique. Lack of height or landing too close of the table will incur deductions too.
 
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